Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and civil rights activist who had a tremendous impact on race relations in the United States, starting in the mid-1950s.
King is widely recognized for his commitment to advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, which was inspired by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.
On October 14, 1964, King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. In 1965, he played a significant role in organizing the Selma to Montgomery marches.
In his later years, King expanded his focus to include opposition towards poverty, capitalism, and the Vietnam War.
On April 4, 1968, King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. His death was followed by riots in many U.S. cities.